A Moroccan uromastyx is best kept in a large wooden vivarium. This is because wood is an excellent insulator of heat and so a wooden vivarium will make it easier to control the crucial temperatures required inside the habitat. Other enclosures such as glass terrariums are far too efficient at releasing heat making it difficult to get up to temperature and keep this temperature consistent throughout the year. The wooden vivarium should have good ventilation to help remove humidity and replenish the air in the enclosure.
The Moroccan uromastyx vivarium should be at least 1150mm (46") in length. There are 2 main reasons for this; firstly Moroccan uromastyx are not small lizards and can easily grow to 450mm in length. They require a proportionate amount of space to live happily. Secondly, the vivarium needs to have a sufficient length to allow for the creation of a temperature gradient. The enclosure needs to be intensely hot at one end, but have enough distance for the temperature to drop at the cool end.
During the day, Moroccan uromastyxs require a very hot basking temperature. This is achieved by using clear spot bulbs at one end of the vivarium. To accomplish the required basking temperature of 110oF- 120oF we use 2x basking bulbs (60w in a large Vivexotic vivarium). A narrower basking area can be achieved by using one higher wattage bulb instead. Basking bulbs should be on for 10- 12 hours per day.
At night Moroccan uromastyx require a drop in temperature. The basking light should be switched off so the enclosure gets darker. Moroccan uromastyx typically do not require any additional night-time heating and are happy to drop down to the room temperature.