Kinosternon scorpioides cruentatum
Endemic to Mexico, Central and South America, these charismatic aquatic turtles are similar to care to other mud turtle species. These are larger mud turtles with a max carapace length of 10 inches. As such, they require a larger tank - at least 50 gallons - with water depth at least double the length of the turtle's carapace (shell) from nose to tail. A large basking site above water is essential, with the hottest area around 90 degrees F/ 31 degrees C. The water temperature should be kept around 70-75 degrees F /21-23 degrees C, which can be attained by using an aquarium heater. As these turtles are above water almost just as much as in the water, UVB is a must; a 5.0 bulb or 6% UVB output is sufficient.
These turtles are more carnivorous than Yellow Mud Turtles, but will still eat some plant matter. Provide turtle-safe aquatic plants that you are not afraid to have eaten, and offer some low oxalate vegetation once a week. These are omnivorous turtles with a penchant for crustaceans, insects, earthworms, and the odd vertebrate meal like fish or carrion. Be sure about dusting your food with calcium, vitamins and minerals.